Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Wash.

Correspondence lớn Dr.

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Morrison, Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Washington School of Medicine, 325 9th Avenue, Mailstop 359796, Seattle, Wash. 98104, , Twitter:


Recent studies estimate the prevalence of transgender individuals in the global population to be between 0.4 and 1.3 percent, with a 10- khổng lồ 100-fold increase in the past decade.1 As there has been an increase in the proportion of transgender individuals undergoing gender affirmation surgery,2 it would be expected that information on these procedures would be increasingly sought by patients, their families, and providers. Social truyền thông media và the Internet play a significant role in the dissemination of information for the transgender population.3 However, there has been no study to lớn date to determine the overall public interest in gender affirmation operations. Here, we report for the first time on an analysis of Google Trends data on global interest in transgender surgery.

Google Trends tìm kiếm parameters were mix to lớn capture all global queries from January of 2004 to February of 2018. Search terms covered a broad range of tìm kiếm queries that relate to lớn both male-to-female (MTF, transwomen) & female-to-male (FTM, transmen) individuals. Terms used in the analysis were common terms và procedure-specific terms, including “transgender surgery,” “gender reassignment surgery,” “sex reassignment surgery,” “top surgery,” “bottom surgery,” “FTM bottom surgery,” “MTF bottom surgery,” “FTM phalloplasty,” “MTF vaginoplasty,” “RFF phalloplasty,” “ALT phalloplasty,” and “metoidioplasty.”

Our findings show that interest in a number of comtháng search terms for transgender surgery are increasing over time.

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Online interest in a majority of tìm kiếm terms demonstrated an upward trend, with some terms exhibiting a marked increase in recent years. Figure 1 illustrates the top five sầu search term trends. The overall tìm kiếm volumes for terms varied on a magnitude of 2000 times between common terms và procedural terms (Fig. 2). This may be because the general terms are better at capturing broader information on surgical options, whereas technical terms become increasingly more relevant to lớn those interested in pursuing specific procedures. Interest in procedure-specific tìm kiếm terms, though less commonly searched than general terms, is also increasing over time. The influence of politics và the media was evident in the trends in tìm kiếm volumes. Major spikes in search volumes correlated with media coverage of celebrity events, such as Caitlyn Jenner in Vanity Fair,4 & political announcements, such as Donald Trump’s ban on transgender people in the military.5