Máp Hcm

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Out of all the megacities of Southeast Asia, Saigon is the only thành phố without any size of metro transport. Even the traffic-dystopias of Jakarta and Manila have sầu a few rail lines between them.

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This will change when the first metro line in Saigon opens sometime after 20đôi mươi (sometime being the operative sầu word). In total there are 6 metro lines, 1 light rail, & 2 monorails planned.

When I was compiling information about proposed Southeast Asia railways I kept a separate tệp tin of Saigon metro news. It was interesting lớn see how far back the metro planning goes, & what is planned in the future. I found records dated from 2004, and another feasibility study that had a 2-line metro being completed in 2008 .

There are some maps of the future metro which have sầu since become outdated as the plans have sầu changed. These maps also left out the tram and monorail lines.

I have created the new bản đồ of the proposed Ho Chi Minc City Metro which includes the light rail và monorail lines. chú ý that this bản đồ will no doubt go out of date as well once alignments and stations are adjusted, or new lines planned. I’ve dated the bản đồ at the bottom & will update the map as needed.

Official map

There is one official maps which is at the People’s Committee of Hochiminch City Management Authority For Urban Railways (MAUR), under “Master plan of urban railways system”.

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This is the construction và investment news site, so this is not a maps for future transit users.

Below I have outlined the details of each line.

Line 1

As of 2017, Line 1 is the only line under construction. There was a ground-breaking ceremony in 2008, but construction didn’t get underway until 2012. At that point, it was estimated that the line would be finished by 2017. Like most new metro systems, the first line is always delayed & over budget, so this was probably to be expected.


Line 1 is now scheduled to lớn be completed in 20trăng tròn, và it will be extended by one stop to the new Mien Dong (Eastern) bus terminal.

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On the map I have included two proposed extensions that have been submitted by neighbouring provinces of Binc Duong and Dong Nai. Alignment và station details are lacking for those extensions so the lines on the bản đồ are for general illustration.

Here is a summary of construction projects near Line 1 Ho Chi Minch City Metro.

Line 2

Line 2 is the second line (logically enough) khổng lồ have begun construction. Begun in this instance was a ceremonial shovel sự kiện in 2012 to lớn build an administration office. No progress has been made on the railway, và it was announced that work may not resume until 20trăng tròn.

This line will go from Ben Tkhô cứng to lớn the An Suong bus terminal. This is also known as the Tay Ninch bus terminal, which has lead some news reports lớn say that the metro is going all the way khổng lồ Tay Ninh (100 km from Saigon). Line 2 is planned to be extended to lớn Cu Chi.

Line 2 will travel underneath CMT8 road, which is one of the worst traffic sewers in the city. Commuters will rejoice at going underground and never having to see that road again. Some of the old maps show the line deviating from the path to lớn make a junction with Ga Sai Gon (the main station for trains lớn Hanoi). The line is not deviating, so Hoa Hung metro station will be about 400 metres away from Ga Sai Gon.

One solution to this would be to clear the area between the two stations và build an underground mall và shopping complex to lớn connect the stations. Something in comparison khổng lồ the maze of underground shops at Shinjuku station in Tokyo, or Gangphái nam station in Seoul.

That’s a lot of l& clearing, though it’s not beyond the capabilities of the đô thị. Indeed, just before Hoa Hung is the Dan Chu traffic circle, which is one of craziest roundabouts in Saigon. Next khổng lồ the roundabout whole city blocks have sầu been cleared khổng lồ make way for mega developments. The Viettel Tower is half finished, and behind that is the Habởi vì Centrosa Garden, và near that is the planned Berjaya Vietnam giới Financial Centre.

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The Habởi Centrosa Garden construction is proceeding well, & the project is advertising itself as being near the metro station. Line 2 was meant to be finished by 2018, so you can’t blame them for using that as a selling point. Unfortunately these big projects are racing ahead and transport infrastructure is not keeping up. Line 2 can’t begin soon enough.

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From Ben Tkhô giòn, Line 2 will be extended under the Saigon River và terminate at Ga Thu Thiem. This is where the railway for Long Tkhô hanh International Airport will be, & maybe one day the high tốc độ train lớn Nha Trang.

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Line 3

Line 3 is split inlớn two projects: 3A and 3B. Line 3A is an extension of Line 1. It looks confusing on the map khổng lồ have sầu a line terminate at the main station in the middle of the system. It has been confirmed though that Line 1 và Line 3A will be one continuous line. The current numbering system is more likely khổng lồ be project numbers, so eventually this will be represented on the official maps as Line 1. For the sake of being able to follow the construction progress I’ve sầu kept the project numbers as they are represented on the MAUR website.

The thành phố finalised plans in November 2017 to begin construction of 3A, which would see the line finished by 2026. Here is a previews Clip of what lớn expect from Line 3A.

The first phase of 3A will from travel Ben Tkhô hanh to Mien Tay Bus Terminal (Western Bus Terminal), so line 1/3A will be bookended by bus terminals.

Phase two will extkết thúc from Mien Tay lớn Tan Kien, which is the location of the proposed western bypass railway that will go from My Tho to Bien Hoa. I’ve sầu included the outline of the proposed railway lớn show where each metro line connects khổng lồ this proposed railway.

Line 3B starts from Cong Hoa station on Line 3A and travels lớn Hiep Binch Phuoc Station in Thu Duc District. Funding for this line was being sought in 2015. There are also plans lớn extover this line beyond Hiep Binc Phuoc, though news reports vary on where. Some reports have the line extending to Thu Dau Mot in Binh Duong province, which is 32 km from Ben Tkhô cứng. Other reports have sầu it connecting to lớn the extended Line 1 at Di An Town. I have added this option on the map as a possible extension.

Line 4

Line 4 will be the third line that intersects at the Ben Thanh hao central station (when counting 1/3A as one continuous line). This 36 km north-south line was quoted as requiring $4.5 billion dollars in năm ngoái, so probably another billion is needed by now.

I’ve not found a confirmed alignment for this line. Old maps show it running from Ben Tkhô hanh to lớn Opera House alongside Line 1, then branching off towards Turtle Lake. If this was the case then 4 tunnels would be needed on Le Loi.

Line 4B / 4B1 (airport extensions)

Bundled into Line 4 are the two proposals for an extension lớn the airport. Originally there was no metro planned for the airport as it was assumed that the new Long Tkhô cứng airport would be running. With Tan Son Nhat becoming overcrowded và the new airport not even started to be built, these two proposals have sầu been made.

4B would run between Gia Dinh Park on Line 3 và Lang Cha Ca & Line 5, stopping at the airport in between. Proposal 4B1 would run underground from Hoang Van Thu Park lớn TSN as a spur line from Line 5.

Line 5

Line 5 forms half a ring around the đô thị centre và will enable transferring between all the previous lines from the outer districts.

€850 million was pledged for metro line No.5 in 2013, with construction of the first phase initially to begin in 2015.

The second phase of the line was seeking funds in năm nhâm thìn, even though the first phase had not begun. This is the western segment which continues from the Bay Hien intersection to Can Giuoc Bus Station.

Line 6

Line 6 feeds the outer western districts of Saigon to lớn the first two lines. Eventually Line 6 could become an outer ring line, connecting more lines along the way.

Tram Way No.1

Saigon’s original transport system was a tram network, of which the last tram ran in 1957. The streets of Saigon are too crowded for trams now, but the route along Vo Van Kiet has enough space lớn run a light rail down the middle.

Xem thêm: Mua Đồ Chơi Trẻ Em Ở Đâu Rẻ Tphcm Uy Tín Chất Lượng Nhất 2021

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This line was proposed in 2006, with the service being ready by 2009 (file this under “news that didn’t age well”).

Monorail 2

In addition lớn the light rail, there are two monorails planned. This is not the first time there has been a plan for a monorail in Saigon. In the 1960’s there was a proposal for two suspended monorail lines.

That would have been similar to the Wuppertal Schwebebahn in Germany, which is the only suspended monorail in operation. The Schwebebahn travels along a river through the đô thị, & it must rank as the world’s most steampunk size of public transport.

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I was a monorail sceptic until recently. Monorails are usually associated with theme parks và airport transportation. Sentosa Islvà in Singapore is a good example of an appropriate use of a monorail.

Sydney had a much-derided monorail that used khổng lồ loop around the city centre. They have since pulled it down và are now building a light rail that will pass through the đô thị.

The other terrible monorail that comes khổng lồ mind is the Kuala Lumpur monorail. This line goes through central KL, connecting the main train station to lớn one of the biggest tourist areas (Bukit Bintang). The carriages are small and the city has far outgrown the intended capađô thị of this service. I always think of that Simpsons episode with the monorail when I ride it.

So I never met an urban monorail that I liked until I went to Tokyo. The monorail from Hanedomain authority airport is spacious & still feels lượt thích a metro train, so if Japan have anything to lớn vày with the monorail projects of Saigon, then I am all for it .

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Monorail 2 will traverse the new districts of 2 and 7. I would have thought there was enough room for a proper skytrain like the current Line 1, but if it’s of Japanese quality then I’m cool with the monorail. This will travel along Nguyen Van Linh in District 7, which is already getting khổng lồ the point where traffic is jamming.


The MAUR trang web also has Monorail 2 going through Thao Dien lớn Tkhô hanh Da in Binh Tkhô cứng. I have sầu no idea how that would work – I’m just recording what is on their map, so Thaodienites don’t message me for details.

Monorail 3

Monorail 3 will start at Go Vap station on Line 4 and travel lớn Quang Trung Software City and terminate at Tan Chan Hiep. This would connect to lớn the proposed belt railway from An Binc station khổng lồ Tan Kien và onwards to the Mekong Delta. This line is scheduled khổng lồ begin in 2019, taking 5 years to lớn complete.

Ben Tkhô hanh Central Station

The most visible sign of metro construction is in the heart of the đô thị at Ben Tkhô giòn Market. The previously (in)famous traffic roundabout is now a giant construction site for the central station of the metro. Three lines will converge here, so it’s a complex operation.

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A render of the station was produced early on, & it hasn’t been updated since. Opposite the station is the One Central TP HCM project.

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Since the initial plan was released it was announced that an underground mall will be built between Ben Tkhô cứng & Opera House stations. The 500 metre-long shopping area will run under Le Loi Street. As with the monorail, I too was a skeptic of the underground mall concept until I went to Tokyo. I would welcome an underground mall with a labyrinth of shops and standing sushi bars if that is what is going to happen. The project has attracted interest from an investor from nhật bản, so one can only hope that a Tokyo-style mall is on the cards.

Regional Lines

The maps also includes current and proposed lines operated by Vietphái mạnh Railways. A fully functional transit network has interconnectivity between metro & regional railways so I have sầu put that on the bản đồ for future context. The only railway currently operating is the Saigon-Hanoi line, & the first stop is at Bien Hoa, just outside the thành phố limits of Ho Chi Minh City. In its current form, it doesn’t offer any place to lớn transfer to lớn a metro line.

The maps includes a proposed western ring railway that would travel from Bien Hoa to the Mekong Delta.

For the proposed extension of Metro Line 1 khổng lồ Bien Hoa New City, I’ve taken the liberty khổng lồ connect that to the planned Bien Hoa – Vung Tau line.

Other proposed metro lines

The routes on this maps are the officially published lines from MAUR. There have sầu been other proposals in the news which I will add to lớn an expanded bản đồ (subscribe for updates).

The proposed new airport at Long Tkhô hanh is about 40KM east of the thành phố. One proposal had a high-speed train from Thu Thiem lớn the airport, and then onwards khổng lồ Nha Trang. Another report has the metro extending all the way lớn the new airport. I would be happy with both, lượt thích how London Heathrow has the option for the Underground line or the Heathrow Express.

In September 2017 a feasibility study was launched for a Tan Tạo – Linc Dong light rail line. There are no details for this but it would roughly be an outer northern ring line.

Another line was proposed by neighbouring Binh Duong Province to build a line from Thu Dau Mot Town which would connect khổng lồ Line 1. That would be around where Di An is on the bản đồ and Thu Dau Mot is directly north of the đô thị.

Metro station locations

While drawing this maps I made a Google Map lớn keep traông chồng of the lines và station locations. The stations aren’t exact, and many of the stations are just named after the nearest main street, but this will give you a general idea of where the lines run.

How feasible is this plan?

In 2015 the city announced that it phối a target of completing this public transport system by 2030.

While the first line is expected to take eight years, the subsequent lines should be built faster once the city develops knowledge of metro building. If a line takes an average of five years to lớn build, this is what the timetable would need to lớn look like lớn get 9 lines finished by 2030.

2017 Line 1 under construction2018 Line 2 start2019 Line 3 start2020 Line 4 start – Line 1 completed2021 Line 5 start2022 Line 6 start2023 Line 7 start – Line 2 completed2024 Line 8 start – Line 3 completed2025 Line 9 start – Line 4 completed2026 Line 5 completed2027 Line 6 completed2028 Line 7 completed2029 Line 8 completed2030 Line 9 completed

So a new line has to start every year until 2025. At its peak, there would be five lines under construction by 2022, & a new line becoming operational every year from 2023. By 2025 more lines should also have been considered, so a new metro is always being worked on. By then there is a team of skilled metro builders that don’t need lớn relearn how lớn make a metro.

The best-case scenario would be a timeline similar to lớn this. The worst-case scenario would be for Line 1 to lớn be completed & further construction grinding to lớn a halternative text for another decade. There were reports of the construction stopping mid-way due to funding. At this point, there is no turning back, so the money will be found. The prospect of no future work being done on the other lines is real though. City development would then become lopsided as canyons of high-rise towers follow the length of the single metro. Just have sầu a look at how Sukhumvit Road in Bangkok has developed khổng lồ see what the power of a metro line has.

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One of the problems the city has faced has been the laông chồng of autonomy over its finances. With the most recent funding shortage the thành phố had dip into its own funds while waiting for funds to be released.

In what could be good news for the city more power has been handed lớn Ho Chi Minh City to make investment decisions for at least five sầu years.

The first line is proceeding slowly, though when compared with other new lines in Asia it’s going ok. For example, the first metro line in Shangnhị began construction in 1986, & the first 4.4 km segment began operations seven years later in 1993. From that humble beginning, the Shangnhị Metro system is currently the world’s largest transit system by route length.

Another comparable example is Taipei. After getting approval for the first line in 1986, construction began in 1988. The first 10.5 km line was opened eight years later in 1996 after delays and budget overruns. The construction years were known as the “Dark Age of Taipei Traffic”. Taipei has seven lines and it’s now a lean mean metro-building machine that is building và extending more lines every year. This Wiki graphic shows the progress of the Taipei metro over 18 years.

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Saigon has now entered its own dark age of traffic (motopocalypse?), so there no more time to waste.

Ho Chi Minh City Metro Concept Map

While studying the thành phố and the proposed routes, I’ve sầu also identified what roads and areas should also be included in the future metro system. I’ve sầu created the Ho Chi Minch City Metro Concept Map, which expands on the current plans. The bản đồ is subtitled “If Saigon had a subway lượt thích Shanghai“.